The mystery of the mind is accepted by many as the last limit of medicine. Recent scientific progresses, such as techniques developed to take images of the working brain; It begins to explain how we think, how we store our memory and how we feel and feel the emotions.
Scientific advances also change our perspective on diseases that affect behavior and emotions. In Western civilization, since a few centuries, the concept of mind has been separated from the concept of body. In particular, mental illnesses were not as legitimate as body diseases. From a historical point of view, mental illnesses were not seen as a disease. It was regarded more as personality flaws, as if it were the will of the person, and it was seen as something that could come from above.
This perspective has changed. Much of the emotional or behavioral disorders arise when one’s life experiences and stressful situations, along with physical factors in the brain, interact.
The most important physical factors are the critical chemical substances in the brain. The brain contains billions of nerve cells called “neighbors” and “talking to each other” using chemicals as signals.
Chemical carriers (message carriers) travel between nerve cells by stimulating or reducing electrical impulses. Norepinephrine, dopamine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, and serotonin; Are some of these chemicals called neurotransmitters. In many emotional or behavioral disorders, it is believed that the critical regions of the brain are more or less than necessary, or less than necessary, of these neurotransmitters. Including neurochemical activity, thought process, emotional experiences, memory and all senses; (Foundation) on the basis of everything your brain does.
Sometimes, susceptibility to mental disorders is inherited. In some mental illnesses, a hereditary factor is important. For example, if one of the twins suffers from bipolar disorder, the other shows that the probability of this disorder is 80 percent. Even if these twins are exposed to separate adults and different life experiences, the development of this disease is more likely than the average person. In addition, strong hereditary tendencies related to depression, anxiety and substance abuse were also detected.
At the same time, the hereditary physical factors related to brain chemistry, the whole of behavioral and emotional diseases
It is also clear that it does not explain. Although the disorder is physically based, The relationship between a person’s family and friends, financial and employment status, stressed laborers, a behavioral or emotional disorder. By simple statement, the chemical formation in your brain can sensitize you to some emotional disorders. But the mayor of your life will take the sensuality.
There may be a very fine border between emotional disturbance and a normal life experience. Many people experience significant periods of anxiety or depression in response to stress or loss. Sometimes, behavioral and emotional reactions are seriously affected by the individual’s family or cultural upbringing style.
Changes in brain chemistry encountered in many impaired disorders are used as targets for treatment. Medicines that restore spoiled brain chemistry have led to significant improvements / improvements in the treatment of mental illnesses.
However, drugs are not the sole means of treatment in behavioral and emotional disorders. In some diseases they are not very effective. For some people, behavioral therapy, cognitive therapy, psychotherapy and psychoanalysis; It helps in drug treatment and sometimes it is beneficial without medication.
The word “psychotherapy” means in Yunian, “spiritual healing”. Psychotherapy has various forms. Psychoanalysis, counseling, family therapy, always the kind of psychotherapy.
Psychotherapy schools vary widely. It is therefore wise to question your therapist’s theoretical orientation first.
Therapists can be from many different types of health professionals. Your doctor will ask the appropriate specialist to assist you in assessing your problem and to apply the correct treatment.
When and who should not get help?
Speak with your doctor if you have stressful thoughts and feelings that affect your daily function, or if you have difficulty sleeping, concentrating, having relationships with friends and relatives. Sometimes the mind can be a difficult condition, a sign of a physical illness, and your doctor can perform tests to judge another illness or disorder.
You may also need a psychiatrist’s assessment. The success of psychotherapy depends on your good relationship with your therapist. For this reason, ask your doctor for a name of two or three therapists who can work well with you and talk to each one before you decide.