Intelligence test in children
The intelligence tests vary according to age to determine the comprehension and creativity of the person studied. These are particularly important in determining the level of intelligence of young children because it allows the determination of the intensity and difficulty of education.
It is indicated by the abbreviation IQ (Intelligence Quotient) which is the numerical expression of intelligence level and is obtained by dividing the intelligence age (ZY) by the calendar year (TY) and multiplying by 100.
The age of intelligence is calculated as follows: Each correctly solved question is recorded as “+”, and any question that is not solved or solved wrongly is “-“. The age at which the child is fully successful is taken as the primary age. Thereafter, for each question it solves, the basic age is added to:
2 months for 3-10 questions
12 years is asked for 3 months
14 years is asked for 4 months
16 years is asked for 5 months
For example, if the child has succeeded in the 3-year-old intelligence test, and has solved two of the questions between 3 and 10 years of age, then the intelligence age is 3 years and 4 months.
After calculating the age of intelligence, the intelligence part (IQ) is obtained using the formula given above.
Comparing the obtained result with the values of Terman enables to determine the intelligence level of the child.
According to this:
Over 140 IQ – outstanding;
120-140 IQ – very good;
IQ between 110-120 – good;
IQ between 90 and 110 – normal (mean);
70-90 IQ – light back;
IQ below 70 – is described as an intelligence.
Graded tests can measure the intelligence level of a person at various ages.
Sample Test Questions:
For three years;
I – Show some parts of the body:
Method – After the child is careful, he is asked to show his nose or put a finger on his nose. The same is true for the other parts of the body. The child should be treated softly to overcome his timidity. If you are asked twice and you can not get a response by showing the child’s jaw or ear. “Is your nose here? No? Then where is it? ”
The test was successful if the child gave three correct answers.
II – To name familiar objects:
Material – Money, key, closed knife, clock, pencil.
Method – When objects are shown one by one, they are asked “What is this?”
At least three correct answers are required in the business. It does not have to show that the child knows how to use the match, but it does not take into account spelling errors, swallowing of some letters or dialect differences.
For six years;
I – Distinguish between right and left:
Method – The child is asked to show the right hand first, then the left ear, the left eye, etc. If he does it wrong, it will start again on the other side, the left.
II – To understand the questions (2nd grade)
Method – Ask the child three questions:
1) “What do you do if it rains when you go out to go to the arrow?”
2) “What would you do if you saw your house burned?”
3) “What do you do if the train is moving when you go to the station?”
The right answers are:
1) I get an umbrella.
2) Call for help, extinguish the fire with water.
3) I wait for the next train.
The following responses are not accepted correctly:
1) Stay at home.
2) I go to another house, another house.
3) I run after you.
Assessment: Both of the three questions must be answered correctly.
For Nine Years;
I – To specify the date:
Method – Ask the following questions:
1) “Which day of the week is today?”
2) “Which one are you?”
3) “What’s the moon today?”
4) “What year are we?”
Assessment: Only wrong in the third question (three days more or less discourse) can be accepted.
II – Knowing what is left as a result of subtraction:
Method – The child is asked to make the following actions in mind:
1) “If I want to buy 20 pounds of sugar and give 50 pounds to the seller, how much should he give me back?” 2) “If I buy 60 pounds and pay 75 pounds, what is the amount of money?”
3) “If I buy 20 liras and pay 100 liras, what will be the price?”
Assessment: 10-15 seconds for each problem; At least two of the three operations must be done correctly
III – To make three sentences:
Method – “Now I will tell you three words and you will make a sentence that these three words are in me”. The words are: “Child, ball, river”. Then, with the words “work, money, man” and “Bosphorus, luck, Istanbul”, two more sentences are required. If necessary, the rules are repeated, but it is not necessary to give an example. “Other words should be added to these three words to make a sentence.” Each sentence should be tried once, and the child should be told not to make more than one sentence.
Assessment: At least two correct answers must be given, the statements must be simple and logical.
For fourteen ages;
I – Practical questions:
Method – “Listen now and try to understand,” he says. The first question is read slowly and meaningfully. It repeats if necessary. If the answer is not clear, better clarification is required:
1) “A person walking in a park stops suddenly and runs to the park guard; Because he saw something hanging in the shed. What is it you see? ”
The right answer is “a hanged man. Responses such as “thief”, “bird”, and “weed” are misleading.
2) “Neighbors came to look unusual: first a doctor, then a notary, then a priest. What will happen?”
A good answer is: “We will write your will, because it is about to die.”
3) “A peasant saw a man in the city he went to for the first time and shouted: ‘What is strange? Where does he have to have seen him so that he can say that? “The correct answer is:” On the Bisikletin. ”
II – Saatin arrows:
Method – The following question will be asked: “Let’s say it’s 6:22. Where would the Saatin arrows be? Try to revive the rhino. Let’s say that the handwheel replaced the hand with the scorpion. Then what time would it be? “The same question is repeated for 8 to 8 and 2 to 46.