Vitamins are essential organic substances for healthy body work. Vitamins D that are produced in certain amounts in the body and vitamins other than B vitamins that synthesize bacteria in the intestines can not be produced in the body.
Vitamins and minerals function as “coenzymes” of metabolism products in the body. Specific enzymes play a decisive role in many reactions that effect biochemical events that lead to life. However, in order for the reactions to occur rapidly, vitamins and minerals, which are coenzymes, are necessary. Food supplement and Nutrıtıon Supports
Since vitamins show great differences in chemical structure, they can not be grouped together in a single chemical group. These substances, called letters, are classified in two broad groups as oil-soluble and water-soluble vitamins.
All the necessary vitamins for the body can be taken in a balanced diet, including enough fruits and vegetables as well as protein rich foods such as meat, fish and eggs. Vitamins inadequate in case of vitamin deficiency due to a variety of diseases occur.
Since it is very important to determine the amount of vitamins and minerals required for a healthy life, various studies have been carried out in this regard. Today, it is thought that all vitamins and minerals necessary for human body are determined. Experts should keep in mind that nutrients should be taken into account (the vitamins and minerals are continuously updated in the light of the new ingredients, but they are far from average and are average figures).
The individual vitamins and minerals requirements may vary more or less depending on factors such as age, sex, heredity, environmental factors, lifestyle, special conditions, and some disease-specific factors.
In many cases, physicians recommend taking additional vitamins for their patients. Vitamin and mineral requirements of the body may increase due to inadequate vitamins taken with foods, diseases that decrease the absorption of vitamins, growth, heavy physical work, pregnancy, breastfeeding, menstrual periods, chronic diseases.
Hyperthyroidism (overactive thyroid gland), fever infectious diseases, diseases causing tissue loss also increase the vitamin requirement. There are various medicines in the market that contain therapeutic or daily doses of vitamins and minerals. These may be in the form of a pill, a water-soluble tablet, and the form of a vial or intramuscular ampoule.
Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in body fat. When these A and D vitamins are ingested extensively, they may accumulate in the fat tissue and cause poisoning. Group B vitamins and vitamin C are soluble in water. Water-soluble vitamins are quickly excreted via the urine, and even if taken in excess, rarely lead to poisoning at very high doses.