What is WBC?
The WBC is usually an abbreviation of the initials of “White Blood Cells”, or “White Blood Cells”, which you can see in the blood test results. “White Cell Count”, “White Blood Cell Count” or “Leucocyte Count” in the assay report. WBC counting is usually done as part of a complete blood count. The WBC test is a blood test that can be used to diagnose many diseases, from infection to allergy to leukemia. Your doctor may ask you for a WBC count against the possibility of infection because of muscle aches, headache, fever, chills and some other symptoms.
Standard WBC Ratings;
The normal accepted WBC range in adults is 4500-11000 white blood cells per microliter (mcL). Census results can range from 4,50 to 11,00 K / mm3 in cubic millimeters in the blood report. Less than 4000 white blood cells per microliter indicate WBC excess of more than 11000 white blood cells per microliter per WBC reduction. However, the test results must be evaluated by the physician as some WBC values are given as 3500-10500 white blood cells per microliter in some sources. Your doctor will evaluate the WBC values in the assay report against the red blood cells, hemoglobin, hematocrit, and platelet counts in the whole blood count to determine what is the normal WBC value for you.
- 0-1 months: 9,40-34,00 K / mm3
- 2-12 months: 5,00-19,50 K / mm3
- 1-3 years: 6,00-17,50 K / mm
- 3 4-5 years: 5,50-15,50 K / mm3
- 6-15 years: 4,50-13,50 K / mm3
- 15 years: 4,50-11,00 K / mm3
Why is WBC Value Important?
The other name is white blood cells (WBC), which are leukocytes, are an important part of the immune system. These cells play a role in fighting the body with bacteria, viruses and microbes. White blood cells, with five main species as neutrophils, lymphocytes, eosinophils, monocytes and basophils, are produced in the bone marrow and spread to the whole body along with blood. Different white blood cells have different tasks for immunity and are briefly as follows;
Monocytes: Monocytes, which are longer lasting than other white blood cells, are used to remove bacteria. The normal monocyte value ranges from 2% to 8%.
Lymphocytes: They produce antibodies to increase body resistance against bacteria, viruses and other potentially harmful invaders. The normal range of lymphocytes is 20% -40%.
Neutrophils: Neutrophils digest bacteria by killing them. They are more numerous than the other white blood cells in number, and neutrophils are used first in fighting the body’s infection. Standard neutrophil count is between 40% and 60%.
Bazofiller: The task of these cells is to inform the immune system when an infection is detected. For example, it induces histamine release during an allergic reaction, warning that the immune system is an undesirable substance in the body. The normal basophil value is between 0.5 and 1%.
Eosinophils: The main task of eosinophil cells is to kill parasites and prevent inflammation due to allergies. They are also used to destroy cancer cells. Normal eosinophil value is between 1% and 4%.